Tag Archives: Irish Bailout

Is Ireland tilting at Windmills?

As a business owner in two countries I’m of course of the opinion that corporation taxes should be kept as low as possible wherever possible, low and simple tax schemes give businesses incentives to grow, to take on new projects, staff, materials and property: but that tax break shouldn’t ever be at the detriment of the overall economy – it should always generate revenue within the medium term.

It looked like Ireland’s gamble paid off – their ultra low tax regime attracted international brands, times were good, a lot of money was splashed about and everyone felt the benefit. Unfortunately in this time of plenty, the powers that be in Ireland didn’t have the political courage to begin to move their tax regime from one of rapid growth to one of sustained continuance.

Corporations wouldn’t have abandoned the Emerald Isle, they might have grumbled; but ultimately where would they have gone? Many of the inbound countries chose Ireland strategically as well as economically – English language being native, good gateway to Europe, not landlocked – it had so much going for it. All it needed was politicians that could accept that the ‘boom’ would have to transition to equilibrium. Yet they didn’t do that: Ireland’s politicians lived in a fantasy world of never-ending boom, maybe they took Gordon Brown’s claim at face value?

Whatever the case, it’s backfired miserably – the IMF are now assisting the EU with their audit of the Irish books and time is now running out for Ireland to accept a suitable bailout to help them balance their books while their spending cuts take full effect. This is the only way to maintain sovereignty long term: if they wait now, they’ll find themselves selling bonds in the untouchable bucket alongside crackpot banana republics.

Ireland are insistent that the low corporate tax rate brings in more than similar tax regimes in other European states, this may be the case – but with a deficit so high, unemployment rising and the housing market collapsing, taxes are going to have to rise across the board, and most importantly in places where the tax will actively bring in revenue. If unemployment is rising as sharply as the figures suggest, taxing the working citizen significantly more simply doesn’t make sense in knocking back the deficit, so Ireland are going to have to be pragmatic and look at their other streams of tax revenue.

So – all this being said. It’s shocking, although depressingly not surprising that the Indie is reporting that Ireland is now trying to ransom the people coming to bail it out with a demand that it shouldn’t have to lower it’s corporate tax rate. In characteristically brusque style Irish ministers are publicly stating that the low corporate tax rate is “certainly not up for negotiation”. With the unexpectedly early arrival of a party from the IMF, one thing we can be certain of, The big european & eurozone economies are being very patient, that patience won’t last forever – and ultimatums from politicians in Ireland are going to rapidly start to look very ridiculous.

Ireland needs to act, now.

Basil comes a cropper. © BBC.

Basil comes a cropper. © BBC.

Many commentators are reacting to the news that Ireland and the European Union are talking about economic support as some sort of great shock – I’m really not sure why: Ireland’s recent austerity budget should have been a sure sign that they were in deep trouble. The cuts they made were not those of economy, rather they were those of widespread panic.

Of course the admission from Dick Roche that Irish banks were facing “serious liquidity problems”, and his almost flippant statement that “[I don’t think] the appropriate response to that would be for the European finance ministers to panic.” has of course had the exact opposite effect. With a ring of Mr O’Reilly promising Basil Fawlty that all will be well; the Irish economy looks set to firmly hit the buffers when it finally uses up the money it has presently loaned at some point midway through next Spring.

Media outlets are of course fanning the flames, with the meeting today between European Union finance ministers in Brussels being described as ‘crunch talks’; and while undoubtedly the first agenda item will be the state of Dublin’s finances, it shouldn’t be forgotten that this is actually a regular monthly meeting – not an extraordinary quorum specifically called to negotiate bailing out Ireland.

But while it’s sure to be the star item on the agenda, quite what they’re say about Ireland remains a mystery: elements of the finance committee are sure to push for early action in the form of a bailout with the stability of the Euro being the key focus. Over the weekend a story filed by Reuters appeared to justify this assumption, with reports of a deal to shore-up that stability of the Irish economy [for the good of the euro] valued at an amount between 45€ billion and 90€ billion already underway.

With the ultimate bailout fund entirely dependent on how much trouble the Irish banks are really in yet to be revealed, it’s no real wonder that panic both political and on the markets is setting in – as it’s that ultimate amount that’s likely to be the figure that either scuppers or saves the Irish economy. A combined French, German & British dislike for taxpayers funding Ireland’s ludicrous bank assurance guarantee (which fully covered all losses, and not just those of the private citizen), is set to cause friction for the European finance committee bearing in mind Angela Merkel & Nicolas Sarkozy’s agreement a month ago for a new mechanism for securing sovereign debt, restructuring this debt in a way which would place private investors (most notably international bond holders) at risk for investing in countries that were heavily indebted or fiscally unbalanced.

The whole story though, is not yet on the table. It should not be forgotten that British and German banks are massively exposed to the Irish economy. Der Spiegel reported that during the European bank stress tests this summer, some of Germany’s biggest banks were revealed to be holding an estimated 101 billion euro ($138 billion) in Irish bonds. while British banks are exposed to a further 110 billion euro ($150 billion or £93.7 billion). Worryingly for both Britain and Germany a significant amount of that exposure is in taxpayer supported banks including RBS and the struggling Hypo Real Estate (which Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung reported as holding an estimated €10.3 billion portfolio in Irish debt).

Stuck between a rock and a hard place, the financial powerhouses of Europe may have to swallow any plan for letting Ireland take the pain, the exposure closer to home most likely being seen to be too damaging economically and politically, but mark my words: any bailout will come with a litany of caveats. David Cameron will have nowhere to hide as under the noses of the coalition talks that followed this year’s election, then Chancellor Alastair Darling committed Britain to any future European bailout. He won’t however be alone, Angela Merkel is already leading the battle cry, and won’t be likely to stop if German taxpayers take yet another hit for bailing out a profligate nation to ensure the long term stability of the Euro.

This story is developing… as and when details come in I’ll write more.